Big Ideas: To understand how matter/energy, forces/motion, and space/time can help explain stars, galaxies, and the universe.
Essential Questions: What do astronomers learn from studying star properties? What stages make up the sun's life cycle? In what ways do galaxies differ from one another? What eveidence indicates that the universe is expanding and how did it begin?
Vocabulary: spectrums, light, doppler effect, sunspots, prominence, solar flars, sun interior, magnitudes (apparent / absolute), HR diagram, main-sequence, neutron, white dwarfs, neutron stars, pulsars, supernova, block holes
Month Content Skills Assessment Standards Instructional Activities,
Strategies, and Differentiation
February Stars, Galaxies, and Universe Formative: HS-ESS1-1; HS-ESS1-2,3; HS-ESS2-6 Provide Topic Reading Assignments and Vocabulary List†††
Deliver Information via Lecture, Discussion and Handouts
Electromagnetic Spectrum Model the Sunís outer atmospheres in order to get a better understanding of the Sunís surface. Student Partipiation and Dialog Use Technology (ie Simulations/Illustrations/Videos), Various Manipulatives and Word Play
Sun Exterior Model the various classifications of stars in order to help visualize the scope and diversity of Main Sequence stars in our galaxy. Study Guide Assignments Offer Review Opportunities (Study Guides and Study Sessions)
Stars Model of the Milky Way galaxy to help show the location of our own solar system. Lab Practicles and/or Projects Supplement Topic Discussion with Labs/Projects/Demonstrations
Hertzsprung-Russel Diagram Create a scale model of our corner of the universe to allow students to put our universe into perspective regarding its immenseness.†††† Chapter Quizzes
Cepheids, Nova, Nebula Reading / Vocabulary Exam
Constellations and Asterisms
Stellar Evolution Summative:
Galaxies and Quasars
Universe: Hubble's Law / Big Bang Chapter Exam
Visit ( for Further Details and Information with Regards to the Curriculum††
Visit ( for Further Details and Information on Indiana Standards